RB Leipzig and Bayern Munich have already produced titanic tussles in the Bundesliga, with many more sure to come in the future. - © 2019 DFL
RB Leipzig and Bayern Munich have already produced titanic tussles in the Bundesliga, with many more sure to come in the future. - © 2019 DFL

Bayern Munich vs. RB Leipzig: a brief history of the Bundesliga's most exciting new rivalry


RB Leipzig's meteoric rise from the fifth tier to the UEFA Champions League semi-finals and back-to-back DFB Cup winners has caught the attention of the footballing world, including that of German juggernauts Bayern Munich, who have seen a new rival quickly establishing themselves in the Bundesliga and beyond.

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Few teams have been able to keep pace with Bayern in the Bundesliga down the years. Borussia Mönchengladbach did it during the 1970s, Hamburg managed it for parts of the 1980s and, more recently, Borussia Dortmund have regularly challenged the imperious authority of the Munich giants.

Leipzig, though, came equipped to push the record champions from the very start and for the foreseeable future.

Watch: Best goals between Bayern and Leipzig

Bayern and Leipzig have gone into 10 of their 16 Bundesliga meetings across the latter's top-flight existence with both in the top three in the table. It all began back in December 2016 when Die Roten Bullen paid their first visit to Munich to take on the champions...

Advantage Bayern

The Saxony club had just completed their seven-year climb from the fifth tier to the Bundesliga and arrived in Bavaria not just as top-flight newcomers, but level on points with Bayern at the top of the standings in the final game before the winter break.

"We're going there to win," proclaimed Leipzig's then sporting director Ralf Rangnick.

Watch: Leipzig were blown away on their first visit to Bayern

Read more about RB Leipzig's history in our Bundesliga60 club series

Rangnick's prediction that Leipzig were "unlikely" to emulate Kaiserslautern and win the title as a promoted club proved accurate. Bayern's statement 3-0 win opened up a three-point gap that eventually grew to 15 by the end of the season, but with Leipzig finishing second only to Carlo Ancelotti's men, they had already delivered a statement of their own.

That final difference could have been nine points had Leipzig not squandered leads of 3-1 and 4-2 in their first-ever home meeting with Bayern on the penultimate day of the season, eventually going down 5-4 to the already-crowned champions in a barnstormer.

It was the same scoreline, albeit on penalty kicks, when Bayern beat Leipzig in the second round of the 2017/18 DFB Cup. It set the tone for guaranteed drama when these two meet.

Watch: Leipzig and Bayern produced an incredible nine-goal thriller in 2016/17

And they did so again just three days later in the first Bundesliga meeting of the season. It proved a rather simple three points for the champions under Jupp Heynckes as they ran out 2-0 winners at home, with Leipzig finishing with 10 men for the third time in four encounters. James Rodríguez and Robert Lewandowski wrapped up the points after an early red card for Leipzig captain Willi Orban.

Leipzig's breakthrough

A watershed moment followed in March 2018, though, as Ralph Hasenhüttl's side recorded their first victory over the runaway league leaders. Despite displaying symptoms of the dreaded 'second-season syndrome' and ultimately finishing sixth - a whopping 31 points behind Bayern - Leipzig still managed to come from behind to claim a 2-1 win at the Red Bull Arena thanks to substitute Timo Werner. Leipzig realised they could in fact beat Bayern, despite it being one of the record champions' most dominant recent campaigns.

Watch: Leipzig's maiden win against Bayern

As time has gone by, the on-field differences have reduced and the contests have become even tighter. In 2018/19, Bayern needed a late strike from substitute Franck Ribéry to win 1-0 in Munich before a goalless draw of attrition in Leipzig. Although nine points off their opponents on the penultimate matchday, the Saxony upstarts will have seen it as a feather in their cap that they delayed Bayern's title win until the final day.

The world was then offered a taster for the coming title fights in the 2019 DFB Cup final. For Bayern it was a chance to reassert their domestic dominance by claiming a 19th cup title and 12th double. For Leipzig it was a big opportunity to show the footballing world that they meant business by securing a first major honour, and doing so against Germany’s best team.

In the end, 3-0 perhaps flattered Bayern but it was a typically professional job from a team that has proven time and time again that they know how to win, no matter the opposition. That is where Leipzig want to be and they have made progress.

Bayern asserted their domestic dominance with a 2018/19 DFB Cup final win over Leipzig, but it showed the progress Die Roten Bullen had made in typically rapid fashion. - Maja Hitij/Bongarts/Getty Images

Closing the gap

Just a few days after that defeat in Berlin, Julian Nagelsmann, who had already been announced as the new Leipzig boss earlier in the season, took up his position at the Red Bull Arena. The youngest coach in the Bundesliga at the time arrived with the directive to win trophies.

It wasn't a case of Leipzig looking to knock Bayern off their perch, as a certain Sir Alex Ferguson might have put it, but simply to compete at the same level as the most successful club in Germany.

Nagelsmann's first match in charge of Leipzig against Bayern on Matchday 4 produced a fascinating spectacle. Lewandowski's early goal was the result of a defensive mistake and hosts Leipzig were lucky to be level at half-time when Emil Forsberg converted a penalty after a dominant first 45 minutes by the champions.

Nagelsmann, though, showed he's never afraid to react and made changes at the break. Leipzig performed much better and in the end, deserved to keep their two-point early-season advantage over the champions.

Watch: How Leipzig stopped Bayern's treble-winning juggernaut

Prior to Bayern moving back to the top of the league on Matchday 20, Leipzig had been above the champions in the table for all but four weeks. Although the gap after 34 games ended up at 16 points, there was little to separate the sides when they went head-to-head.

The second encounter of 2019/20 at the Allianz Arena was another tactical battle. No defensive errors this time meant a 0-0 draw, although it was notable for Nagelsmann's match plan to press the champions as Leipzig - on their fourth visit - avoided defeat at the Allianz Arena for the first time. In the end, it was a happy point for both sides as Leipzig became the only team to prevent Bayern from scoring in 2019/20 - a feat no other team managed in the Bundesliga through to September 2022 and none achieved in Munich until January 2024.

The drama continued the next season as, following on from that goalless draw, Bayern and Leipzig shared six goals in a 3-3 draw - with Thomas Müller grabbing the equaliser as Bayern came from behind twice. And then, as they so often do, Bayern travelled to Leipzig on Matchday 27 just four points clear of their hosts but produced a marvellous performance to come away with all three points in a 1-0 win, which set them on their way to a ninth straight Bundesliga title.

Watch: Bayern and Leipzig's emphatic 3-3 draw in 2020/21

Nagelsmann would swap the Leipzig dugout for Munich in 2021 in a move bigger than most player transfers. The season was only four games old when he took his new side back to his old stomping ground and Bayern brushed Die Roten Bullen aside with a 4-1 victory. A result not in keeping with the recent trend, but Leipzig were struggling at the start of the campaign under Jesse Marsch.

The status quo resumed for the Rückrunde meeting at the Allianz Arena with Leipzig revitalised under Domenico Tedesco and with future Bundesliga Player of the Season Christopher Nkunku leading the charge. Müller and Lewandowski twice had goals cancelled out by André Silva and the Frenchman before a Josko Gvardiol own goal settled matters after a blockbuster 90 minutes.

And it proved to be a rare defeat for Leipzig in 2022, as they amassed even more points than the champions in the second half of the campaign. While Marco Rose's men were unable to keep up at the very top of the table during the 2022/23 term, they played out an evenly matched 1-1 draw with the Bavarians in the first half of the season and then dismantled Bayern 3-1 on the penultimate weekend of the season - a defeat that should have denied Bayern the title before Dortmund came undone on the final day.

Any suspicions that this was a freak result were well and truly dashed by Leipzig's 3-0 win in the 2023 Supercup in Munich. Dani Olmo stole the show on a summer's evening with a brilliant hat-trick as the side from Saxony spoiled Harry Kane's first appearance for the champions and made an undeniable statement of intent ahead of the 2023/24 season.

Watch: Bayern 0-3 Leipzig - Supercup highlights

Although Leipzig's campaign didn't actually live up to expectations, seeing their two-year DFB Cup reign ended early and in a real battle to finish in the top four, they were again a nuisance for Bayern in the first league meeting of this season. Loïs Openda and Castello Lukeba put the home side 2-0 up in double-quick time at the Red Bull Arena before Kane and Leroy Sané struck back in a game Thomas Tuchel described as "like a boxing match".

Watch: Highlights of the most recent encounter in September 2023

The rivalry of the future?

With over 70 pieces of silverware displayed proudly in their club museum, though, history is overwhelmingly in Bayern's favour. But it was only a matter of time until 13-year-old Leipzig got their hands on a trophy as well.

Their 2022 DFB Cup success was a landmark moment for a club so young but who had always been about winning titles soon. They proved that victory wasn't just a flash in the pan by then successfully defending their cup crown the following season. If they are to now build on that success, the club is fully aware that they will have to keep pace with the Bayern juggernaut. After their convincing success in the 2023 Supercup, they will be more confident than ever they can do that. 

Is it now or never for Die Roten Bullen? No, it rather looks like now and forever as they start to pose a permanent threat to Bayern’s dominance in a way that few others have done before. They have learned from every defeat and grown into the role of challengers.

Leipzig's 2022 DFB Cup triumph laid down a marker for what the club expects going forward. - Alex Grimm/Getty Images

Expect Bayern Munich vs. RB Leipzig to be a defining fixture in the Bundesliga and beyond for years to come.