Bundesliga-Live ticker for matchday 13

26/11 7:30 PM
2
1
27/11 2:30 PM
1
3
1
1
4
1
2
1
3
6
27/11 5:30 PM
1
0
28/11 2:30 PM
2
1
28/11 4:30 PM
0
2
0 - 2

Half-time

43'
0 - 2

Substitution

sub
Dominik Szoboszlai
Dominik Szoboszlai
sub
Brian Brobbey
Brian Brobbey
38'
0 - 2

Yellow card

yellowCard
Emil Forsberg
Emil Forsberg
34'
0 - 2

Moussa Diaby

GOAL!

0:2
Moussa Diaby
Goal probability
Goal probability
Goal probability determines the likelihood that the ball will land in the goal from every position on the pitch. The value is based on large amounts of data from previous years; factors such as shot angle, distance to goal and opponent pressure - as well as mathematical models.
12 %
21'
0 - 1

Florian Wirtz

GOAL!

0:1
Florian Wirtz
Goal probability
Goal probability
Goal probability determines the likelihood that the ball will land in the goal from every position on the pitch. The value is based on large amounts of data from previous years; factors such as shot angle, distance to goal and opponent pressure - as well as mathematical models.
48 %
14'
0 - 0

Yellow card

yellowCard
Robert Andrich
Robert Andrich
7'
0 - 1
Video Assistant Referee
SituationGoal
ReviewOffside?
DecisionNo goal
0 - 0

Kick-off!

2 - 1

Full-time

90'
+ 5
2 - 1

Evan Ndicka

GOAL!

2:1
Evan Ndicka
Goal probability
Goal probability
Goal probability determines the likelihood that the ball will land in the goal from every position on the pitch. The value is based on large amounts of data from previous years; factors such as shot angle, distance to goal and opponent pressure - as well as mathematical models.
5 %
90'
+ 4
1 - 1

Yellow card

yellowCard
Sheraldo Becker
Sheraldo Becker
90'
+ 3
1 - 1

Yellow card

yellowCard
Andreas Luthe
Andreas Luthe
90'
1 - 1

Substitution

sub
Niko Gießelmann
Niko Gießelmann
sub
Bastian Oczipka
Bastian Oczipka
82'
1 - 1
Video Assistant Referee
SituationNo penalty
ReviewFoul?
DecisionNo penalty
77'
1 - 1

Substitution

sub
Ragnar Ache
Ragnar Ache
sub
Jesper Lindström
Jesper Lindström
76'
1 - 1

Substitution

sub
Levin Öztunali
Levin Öztunali
sub
Max Kruse
Max Kruse
76'
1 - 1

Substitution

sub
Andreas Voglsammer
Andreas Voglsammer
sub
Taiwo Awoniyi
Taiwo Awoniyi
68'
1 - 1

Substitution

sub
Goncalo Paciencia
Goncalo Paciencia
sub
Rafael Borré
Rafael Borré
62'
1 - 1

Max Kruse

GOAL!

1:1
Max Kruse
Goal probability
Goal probability
Goal probability determines the likelihood that the ball will land in the goal from every position on the pitch. The value is based on large amounts of data from previous years; factors such as shot angle, distance to goal and opponent pressure - as well as mathematical models.
77 %
60'
1 - 0
Video Assistant Referee
SituationPenalty
ReviewBall Out Of play?
DecisionPenalty
59'
1 - 0

Yellow card

yellowCard
Robin Knoche
Robin Knoche
58'
1 - 0

Substitution

sub
Sheraldo Becker
Sheraldo Becker
sub
Genki Haraguchi
Genki Haraguchi
58'
1 - 0

Substitution

sub
Julian Ryerson
Julian Ryerson
sub
Rani Khedira
Rani Khedira
1 - 0

Kick-off!

1 - 0

Half-time

39'
1 - 0

Yellow card

yellowCard
Grischa Prömel
Grischa Prömel
22'
1 - 0

Djibril Sow

GOAL!

1:0
Djibril Sow
Goal probability
Goal probability
Goal probability determines the likelihood that the ball will land in the goal from every position on the pitch. The value is based on large amounts of data from previous years; factors such as shot angle, distance to goal and opponent pressure - as well as mathematical models.
6 %
0 - 0

Kick-off!

1 - 0

Full-time

90'
1 - 0

Substitution

sub
Niklas Süle
Niklas Süle
sub
Lucas Hernández
Lucas Hernández
90'
1 - 0

Substitution

sub
Janni Serra
Janni Serra
sub
Alessandro Schöpf
Alessandro Schöpf
82'
1 - 0

Yellow card

yellowCard
Bryan Lasme
Bryan Lasme
78'
1 - 0

Substitution

sub
Nathan de Medina
Nathan de Medina
sub
Andres Andrade
Andres Andrade
78'
1 - 0

Substitution

sub
Edimilson Fernandes
Edimilson Fernandes
sub
Sebastian Vasiliadis
Sebastian Vasiliadis
78'
1 - 0

Substitution

sub
Bryan Lasme
Bryan Lasme
sub
Fabian Klos
Fabian Klos
72'
1 - 0

Substitution

sub
Serge Gnabry
Serge Gnabry
sub
Leroy Sané
Leroy Sané
71'
1 - 0

Leroy Sané

GOAL!

1:0
Leroy Sané
Goal probability
Goal probability
Goal probability determines the likelihood that the ball will land in the goal from every position on the pitch. The value is based on large amounts of data from previous years; factors such as shot angle, distance to goal and opponent pressure - as well as mathematical models.
10 %
65'
0 - 0

Yellow card

yellowCard
Lucas Hernández
Lucas Hernández
64'
0 - 0

Substitution

sub
Robin Hack
Robin Hack
sub
Patrick Wimmer
Patrick Wimmer
56'
0 - 0

Substitution

sub
Jamal Musiala
Jamal Musiala
sub
Leon Goretzka
Leon Goretzka
0 - 0

Kick-off!

0 - 0

Half-time

0 - 0

Kick-off!

1 - 1

Full-time

90'
+ 7
1 - 1

Michael Gregoritsch

GOAL!

1:1
Michael Gregoritsch
90'
+ 6
1 - 0

Yellow card

yellowCard
Iago
Iago
90'
+ 6
1 - 0

Yellow card

yellowCard
Stevan Jovetic
Stevan Jovetic
1 - 3

Full-time

2 - 1

Full-time

3 - 6

Full-time

4 - 1

Full-time

90'
+ 3
4 - 1

Sebastian Andersson

GOAL!

4:1
Sebastian Andersson
Goal probability
Goal probability
Goal probability determines the likelihood that the ball will land in the goal from every position on the pitch. The value is based on large amounts of data from previous years; factors such as shot angle, distance to goal and opponent pressure - as well as mathematical models.
32 %
90'
+ 1
2 - 1

Yellow card

yellowCard
Christopher Antwi-Adjei
Christopher Antwi-Adjei
90'
+ 1
1 - 3

Substitution

sub
Maximilian Philipp
Maximilian Philipp
sub
Josuha Guilavogui
Josuha Guilavogui
90'
3 - 1

Yellow card

yellowCard
Marcus Thuram
Marcus Thuram
86'
3 - 1
Video Assistant Referee
SituationNo goal
ReviewOffside?
DecisionNo goal
87'
3 - 6

Substitution

sub
Sebastian Griesbeck
Sebastian Griesbeck
sub
Håvard Nielsen
Håvard Nielsen
85'
1 - 3

Substitution

sub
Axel Witsel
Axel Witsel
sub
Emre Can
Emre Can
85'
1 - 3

Substitution

sub
Dan-Axel Zagadou
Dan-Axel Zagadou
sub
Nico Schulz
Nico Schulz
85'
2 - 1

Substitution

sub
Christopher Antwi-Adjei
Christopher Antwi-Adjei
sub
Takuma Asano
Takuma Asano
85'
2 - 1

Substitution

sub
Maxim Leitsch
Maxim Leitsch
sub
Elvis Rexhbecaj
Elvis Rexhbecaj
84'
1 - 0

Substitution

sub
Raphael Framberger
Raphael Framberger
sub
Daniel Caligiuri
Daniel Caligiuri
83'
3 - 6

Substitution

sub
Sargis Adamyan
Sargis Adamyan
sub
Georginio Rutter
Georginio Rutter
83'
3 - 6

Substitution

sub
Håvard Nordtveit
Håvard Nordtveit
sub
Ihlas Bebou
Ihlas Bebou
82'
3 - 1

Substitution

sub
Jan Thielmann
Jan Thielmann
sub
Ondrej Duda
Ondrej Duda
82'
3 - 1

Substitution

sub
Louis Schaub
Louis Schaub
sub
Dejan Ljubicic
Dejan Ljubicic
82'
2 - 1

Miloš Pantovic

GOAL!

2:1
Miloš Pantovic
Goal probability
Goal probability
Goal probability determines the likelihood that the ball will land in the goal from every position on the pitch. The value is based on large amounts of data from previous years; factors such as shot angle, distance to goal and opponent pressure - as well as mathematical models.
8 %
81'
1 - 0

Yellow card

yellowCard
André Hahn
André Hahn
81'
1 - 3

Erling Haaland

GOAL!

1:3
Erling Haaland
Goal probability
Goal probability
Goal probability determines the likelihood that the ball will land in the goal from every position on the pitch. The value is based on large amounts of data from previous years; factors such as shot angle, distance to goal and opponent pressure - as well as mathematical models.
61 %
81'
3 - 1

Substitution

sub
Luca Netz
Luca Netz
sub
Joe Scally
Joe Scally
81'
3 - 1

Substitution

sub
Stefan Lainer
Stefan Lainer
sub
Patrick Herrmann
Patrick Herrmann
80'
3 - 6

Ihlas Bebou

GOAL!

3:6
Ihlas Bebou
Goal probability
Goal probability
Goal probability determines the likelihood that the ball will land in the goal from every position on the pitch. The value is based on large amounts of data from previous years; factors such as shot angle, distance to goal and opponent pressure - as well as mathematical models.
35 %
79'
1 - 0

Substitution

sub
Deyovaisio Zeefuik
Deyovaisio Zeefuik
sub
Marco Richter
Marco Richter
79'
3 - 5

Substitution

sub
Jeremy Dudziak
Jeremy Dudziak
sub
Timothy Tillman
Timothy Tillman
77'
1 - 0

Substitution

sub
Florian Niederlechner
Florian Niederlechner
sub
Arne Maier
Arne Maier
77'
1 - 0

Substitution

sub
Michael Gregoritsch
Michael Gregoritsch
sub
Andi Zeqiri
Andi Zeqiri
78'
3 - 1

Ondrej Duda

GOAL!

3:1
Ondrej Duda
Goal probability
Goal probability
Goal probability determines the likelihood that the ball will land in the goal from every position on the pitch. The value is based on large amounts of data from previous years; factors such as shot angle, distance to goal and opponent pressure - as well as mathematical models.
21 %
77'
2 - 1

Mark Uth

GOAL!

2:1
Mark Uth
Goal probability
Goal probability
Goal probability determines the likelihood that the ball will land in the goal from every position on the pitch. The value is based on large amounts of data from previous years; factors such as shot angle, distance to goal and opponent pressure - as well as mathematical models.
8 %
74'
1 - 2

Substitution

sub
Kevin Mbabu
Kevin Mbabu
sub
Ridle Baku
Ridle Baku
75'
1 - 1

Substitution

sub
Roland Sallai
Roland Sallai
sub
Kevin Schade
Kevin Schade
74'
1 - 1

Substitution

sub
Silvère Ganvoula
Silvère Ganvoula
sub
Sebastian Polter
Sebastian Polter
73'
1 - 0

Substitution

sub
Dennis Jastrzembski
Dennis Jastrzembski
sub
Maximilian Mittelstädt
Maximilian Mittelstädt
74'
1 - 1

Jonas Hofmann

GOAL!

1:1
Jonas Hofmann
Goal probability
Goal probability
Goal probability determines the likelihood that the ball will land in the goal from every position on the pitch. The value is based on large amounts of data from previous years; factors such as shot angle, distance to goal and opponent pressure - as well as mathematical models.
7 %
73'
1 - 0

Substitution

sub
Davie Selke
Davie Selke
sub
Ishak Belfodil
Ishak Belfodil
73'
1 - 2

Substitution

sub
Erling Haaland
Erling Haaland
sub
Donyell Malen
Donyell Malen
70'
3 - 5

Substitution

sub
Abdourahmane Barry
Abdourahmane Barry
sub
Simon Asta
Simon Asta
70'
3 - 5

Substitution

sub
Cedric Itten
Cedric Itten
sub
Dickson Abiama
Dickson Abiama
70'
1 - 0

Substitution

sub
Mark Uth
Mark Uth
sub
Florian Kainz
Florian Kainz
70'
1 - 0

Substitution

sub
Sebastian Andersson
Sebastian Andersson
sub
Anthony Modeste
Anthony Modeste
vs
67'
3 - 5

Branimir Hrgota

GOAL!

3:5
Branimir Hrgota
Goal probability
Goal probability
Goal probability determines the likelihood that the ball will land in the goal from every position on the pitch. The value is based on large amounts of data from previous years; factors such as shot angle, distance to goal and opponent pressure - as well as mathematical models.
31 %
67'
1 - 0

Substitution

sub
Stevan Jovetic
Stevan Jovetic
sub
Jurgen Ekkelenkamp
Jurgen Ekkelenkamp
67'
1 - 0

Substitution

sub
Sergio Córdova
Sergio Córdova
sub
Ruben Vargas
Ruben Vargas
67'
1 - 0

Substitution

sub
Fredrik Jensen
Fredrik Jensen
sub
Mads Pedersen
Mads Pedersen
66'
2 - 5

Marco Meyerhöfer

OWN GOAL!

2:5
Marco Meyerhöfer
vs
66'
1 - 0

Substitution

sub
Florian Neuhaus
Florian Neuhaus
sub
Kouadio Koné
Kouadio Koné
66'
1 - 0

Substitution

sub
Marcus Thuram
Marcus Thuram
sub
Lars Stindl
Lars Stindl
65'
1 - 1

Substitution

sub
Miloš Pantovic
Miloš Pantovic
sub
Gerrit Holtmann
Gerrit Holtmann
65'
1 - 1

Substitution

sub
Ermedin Demirovic
Ermedin Demirovic
sub
Wooyeong Jeong
Wooyeong Jeong
65'
1 - 1

Substitution

sub
Yannik Keitel
Yannik Keitel
sub
Maximilian Eggestein
Maximilian Eggestein
64'
1 - 0

Yellow card

yellowCard
Denis Zakaria
Denis Zakaria
61'
1 - 1
Video Assistant Referee
SituationNo penalty
ReviewPrevious handball?
DecisionNo penalty
62'
1 - 2

Substitution

sub
Ansgar Knauff
Ansgar Knauff
sub
Marius Wolf
Marius Wolf
62'
2 - 4

Substitution

sub
Chris Richards
Chris Richards
sub
Munas Dabbur
Munas Dabbur
61'
1 - 2

Substitution

sub
Luca Waldschmidt
Luca Waldschmidt
sub
Lukas Nmecha
Lukas Nmecha
61'
1 - 2

Substitution

sub
Paulo Otávio
Paulo Otávio
sub
Jérôme Roussillon
Jérôme Roussillon
62'
2 - 4

Ihlas Bebou

GOAL!

2:4
Ihlas Bebou
Goal probability
Goal probability
Goal probability determines the likelihood that the ball will land in the goal from every position on the pitch. The value is based on large amounts of data from previous years; factors such as shot angle, distance to goal and opponent pressure - as well as mathematical models.
85 %
60'
1 - 2

Yellow card

yellowCard
Marius Wolf
Marius Wolf
60'
1 - 0

Yellow card

yellowCard
Yann Sommer
Yann Sommer
60'
1 - 0

Yellow card

yellowCard
Ondrej Duda
Ondrej Duda
58'
1 - 1

Yellow card

yellowCard
Lukas Kübler
Lukas Kübler
vs
57'
2 - 3

Georginio Rutter

GOAL!

2:3
Georginio Rutter
Goal probability
Goal probability
Goal probability determines the likelihood that the ball will land in the goal from every position on the pitch. The value is based on large amounts of data from previous years; factors such as shot angle, distance to goal and opponent pressure - as well as mathematical models.
3 %
57'
2 - 3

Substitution

sub
Andrej Kramaric
Andrej Kramaric
sub
Kevin Akpoguma
Kevin Akpoguma
57'
2 - 3

Substitution

sub
Angelo Stiller
Angelo Stiller
sub
Diadie Samassékou
Diadie Samassékou
55'
1 - 2

Donyell Malen

GOAL!

1:2
Donyell Malen
Goal probability
Goal probability
Goal probability determines the likelihood that the ball will land in the goal from every position on the pitch. The value is based on large amounts of data from previous years; factors such as shot angle, distance to goal and opponent pressure - as well as mathematical models.
4 %
55'
1 - 0

Dejan Ljubicic

GOAL!

1:0
Dejan Ljubicic
Goal probability
Goal probability
Goal probability determines the likelihood that the ball will land in the goal from every position on the pitch. The value is based on large amounts of data from previous years; factors such as shot angle, distance to goal and opponent pressure - as well as mathematical models.
19 %
54'
1 - 1

Sebastian Polter

GOAL!

1:1
Sebastian Polter
Goal probability
Goal probability
Goal probability determines the likelihood that the ball will land in the goal from every position on the pitch. The value is based on large amounts of data from previous years; factors such as shot angle, distance to goal and opponent pressure - as well as mathematical models.
30 %
51'
0 - 1
Video Assistant Referee
SituationGoal
ReviewOffside?
DecisionGoal
51'
0 - 1

Philipp Lienhart

GOAL!

0:1
Philipp Lienhart
Goal probability
Goal probability
Goal probability determines the likelihood that the ball will land in the goal from every position on the pitch. The value is based on large amounts of data from previous years; factors such as shot angle, distance to goal and opponent pressure - as well as mathematical models.
44 %
51'
0 - 0

Substitution

sub
Kingsley Schindler
Kingsley Schindler
sub
Jonas Hector
Jonas Hector
49'
2 - 2

Yellow card

yellowCard
Max Christiansen
Max Christiansen
1 - 0

Kick-off!

1 - 1

Kick-off!

46'
2 - 2

Timothy Tillman

GOAL!

2:2
Timothy Tillman
Goal probability
Goal probability
Goal probability determines the likelihood that the ball will land in the goal from every position on the pitch. The value is based on large amounts of data from previous years; factors such as shot angle, distance to goal and opponent pressure - as well as mathematical models.
17 %
2 - 2

Kick-off!

0 - 0

Kick-off!

0 - 0

Kick-off!

1 - 1

Half-time

0 - 0

Half-time

1 - 2

Half-time

1 - 0

Half-time

0 - 0

Half-time

42'
1 - 1

Yellow card

yellowCard
Maximilian Arnold
Maximilian Arnold
42'
1 - 0

Yellow card

yellowCard
Marco Richter
Marco Richter
40'
1 - 0

Marco Richter

GOAL!

1:0
Marco Richter
Goal probability
Goal probability
Goal probability determines the likelihood that the ball will land in the goal from every position on the pitch. The value is based on large amounts of data from previous years; factors such as shot angle, distance to goal and opponent pressure - as well as mathematical models.
83 %
40'
1 - 2

Georginio Rutter

GOAL!

1:2
Georginio Rutter
Goal probability
Goal probability
Goal probability determines the likelihood that the ball will land in the goal from every position on the pitch. The value is based on large amounts of data from previous years; factors such as shot angle, distance to goal and opponent pressure - as well as mathematical models.
34 %
37'
1 - 1

Yellow card

yellowCard
Lukas Nmecha
Lukas Nmecha
35'
1 - 1

Emre Can

GOAL!

1:1
Emre Can
Goal probability
Goal probability
Goal probability determines the likelihood that the ball will land in the goal from every position on the pitch. The value is based on large amounts of data from previous years; factors such as shot angle, distance to goal and opponent pressure - as well as mathematical models.
77 %
32'
1 - 0

Yellow card

yellowCard
Maxence Lacroix
Maxence Lacroix
32'
1 - 1
Video Assistant Referee
SituationGoal
ReviewOffside?
DecisionGoal
32'
1 - 1

Ihlas Bebou

GOAL!

1:1
Ihlas Bebou
Goal probability
Goal probability
Goal probability determines the likelihood that the ball will land in the goal from every position on the pitch. The value is based on large amounts of data from previous years; factors such as shot angle, distance to goal and opponent pressure - as well as mathematical models.
66 %
31'
0 - 0

Yellow card

yellowCard
Ruben Vargas
Ruben Vargas
32'
0 - 0

Yellow card

yellowCard
Anthony Losilla
Anthony Losilla
25'
1 - 0

Yellow card

yellowCard
Dodi Lukébakio
Dodi Lukébakio
22'
1 - 0

Jamie Leweling

GOAL!

1:0
Jamie Leweling
Goal probability
Goal probability
Goal probability determines the likelihood that the ball will land in the goal from every position on the pitch. The value is based on large amounts of data from previous years; factors such as shot angle, distance to goal and opponent pressure - as well as mathematical models.
15 %
vs
2'
1 - 0
Video Assistant Referee
SituationGoal
ReviewOffside?
DecisionGoal
2'
1 - 0

Wout Weghorst

GOAL!

1:0
Wout Weghorst
Goal probability
Goal probability
Goal probability determines the likelihood that the ball will land in the goal from every position on the pitch. The value is based on large amounts of data from previous years; factors such as shot angle, distance to goal and opponent pressure - as well as mathematical models.
48 %
0 - 0

Kick-off!

0 - 0

Kick-off!

0 - 0

Kick-off!

0 - 0

Kick-off!

0 - 0

Kick-off!

2 - 1

Full-time

90'
+ 5
2 - 1

Yellow card

yellowCard
Jean-Paul Boëtius
Jean-Paul Boëtius
90'
+ 2
2 - 1

Yellow card

yellowCard
Borna Sosa
Borna Sosa
85'
2 - 1

Substitution

sub
Silas Katompa Mvumpa
Silas Katompa Mvumpa
sub
Roberto Massimo
Roberto Massimo
82'
2 - 1

Substitution

sub
Pascal Stenzel
Pascal Stenzel
sub
Omar Marmoush
Omar Marmoush
75'
2 - 1

Substitution

sub
Marcus Ingvartsen
Marcus Ingvartsen
sub
Karim Onisiwo
Karim Onisiwo
75'
2 - 1

Substitution

sub
Kevin Stöger
Kevin Stöger
sub
Leandro Barreiro
Leandro Barreiro
75'
2 - 1

Substitution

sub
Anton Stach
Anton Stach
sub
David Nemeth
David Nemeth
75'
2 - 1

Substitution

sub
Ádám Szalai
Ádám Szalai
sub
Jonathan Burkardt
Jonathan Burkardt
63'
2 - 1

Substitution

sub
Nikolas Nartey
Nikolas Nartey
sub
Philipp Förster
Philipp Förster
63'
2 - 1

Substitution

sub
Mateo Klimowicz
Mateo Klimowicz
sub
Orel Mangala
Orel Mangala
51'
2 - 1

Borna Sosa

GOAL!

2:1
Borna Sosa
Goal probability
Goal probability
Goal probability determines the likelihood that the ball will land in the goal from every position on the pitch. The value is based on large amounts of data from previous years; factors such as shot angle, distance to goal and opponent pressure - as well as mathematical models.
9 %
1 - 1

Kick-off!

1 - 1

Half-time

39'
1 - 1

Alexander Hack

GOAL!

1:1
Alexander Hack
Goal probability
Goal probability
Goal probability determines the likelihood that the ball will land in the goal from every position on the pitch. The value is based on large amounts of data from previous years; factors such as shot angle, distance to goal and opponent pressure - as well as mathematical models.
31 %
36'
1 - 0

Yellow card

yellowCard
Orel Mangala
Orel Mangala
24'
1 - 0
Video Assistant Referee
SituationPenalty
ReviewFoul?
DecisionNo penalty
21'
1 - 0

Hiroki Ito

GOAL!

1:0
Hiroki Ito
Goal probability
Goal probability
Goal probability determines the likelihood that the ball will land in the goal from every position on the pitch. The value is based on large amounts of data from previous years; factors such as shot angle, distance to goal and opponent pressure - as well as mathematical models.
6 %
9'
0 - 0

Yellow card

yellowCard
Aarón Martín
Aarón Martín
0 - 0

Kick-off!

Settings

Events

Matches

VFBStuttgart
vs.
M05Mainz
SGFFürth
vs.
TSGHoffenheim
BOCBochum
vs.
SCFFreiburg
KOEKöln
vs.
BMGM'gladbach
BSCHertha Berlin
vs.
FCAAugsburg
WOBWolfsburg
vs.
BVBDortmund
FCBBayern
vs.
DSCBielefeld
SGEFrankfurt
vs.
FCUUnion Berlin
RBLLeipzig
vs.
B04Leverkusen