Munich - Winter transfers can be like plotting a path down the high street during the January sales with stores full of goods, lots of jostling to get the best bargains and managers keen to sell off the merchandise they no longer need, albeit not always for drop-down prices.
Bargains to be had
Many clubs, however, prefer not to take the risk attached to signing players in the winter - it's hard to integrate newcomers when there is no lengthy pre-season, and the hierarchy within the team has long-since been established.
Yet often enough buying new players can be a necessary step due to injuries for example, and bargains can be had. bundesliga.com takes a look at some of the positive examples from the past five years in Germany's top division.