The 18-year-old, who is yet to play for the Bremen first team, fired the USA ahead early in the second half with his second international goal, only for Peru's Edison Flores to level four minutes from normal time.
After scoring on his senior international debut against Bolivia last May, Sargent is now the third-youngest player in USMNT history to score two goals, behind Borussia Dortmund's Christian Pulisic and Juan Agudelo (New England Revolution). The Peru game was his fifth in a USA shirt.
Sargent's display will only increase calls for him to be unleashed in the Bundesliga. The flame-haired teen has been a revelation for Bremen's U23 side since swapping the IMG Academy in Bradenton, Florida for the north of Germany earlier this year, plundering six goals in 10 games.
He signed pro terms with Bremen upon turning 18 in February, but was ineligible to play in the Bundesliga until this August.
"I don't think [Sargent's first-team breakthrough] will be long," Bremen technical director Thomas Schaaf told Sport1 in September. "We know what we have with him."
No Pulisic or McKennie
Hamburg-owned Hannover striker Bobby Wood and former Bayern Munich and VfB Stuttgart forward Julian Green - now of Bundesliga 2 outfit Greuther Fürth - were second-half substitutes for the USA against Peru, but Wolfsburg defender John Brooks did not make it off the bench.