Pulisic, 20, was included in the list along with the likes of Paris Saint-Germain forward Mbappe, AC Milan goalkeeper Gianluigi Donnarumma and Liverpool full-back Trent Alexander Arnold.
Now an established first-teamer at the Signal Iduna Park, Pulisic has a goal and an assist in four starts this season, and scored four times last term as he featured in all but two of Dortmund's Bundesliga games.
Watch: Christian Pulisic strikes to claim Dortmund a point at Hoffenheim
He has also developed into one of the USMNT's most prominent and influential players in recent months, and was named the USMNT's Player of the Year for 2017.
The winner of the award, which is named in honour of the late former France international and Real Madrid star Raymond Kopa, will be announced along with the victors of the men's and inaugural women's Ballon d'Or on 3 December.
The list of nominees
Christian Pulisic (Borussia Dortmund/GER)
Trent Alexander-Arnold (Liverpool/ENG)
Houssem Aouar (Lyon/FRA)
Patrick Cutrone (AC Milan/ITA)
Ritsu Doan (FC Groningen/NED)
Gianluigi Donnarumma (AC Milan/ITA)
Amadou Haidara (Red Bull Salzburg/AUT)
Justin Kluivert (AS Roma/ITA)
Kylian Mbappe (Paris Saint-Germain/FRA)
Rodrygo (Santos FC/BRA)