In the Chinese digital media, for the second time in succession the Bundesliga is Number 1 among Europe's football leagues. This is the outcome of the renowned study "The Red Card 2017". Conducted on behalf of the Mailman Group, this study involved examining the respective footprint made by various leagues and clubs, with regard to the internet, social media, e-commerce and apps. Among China's approximately 500 million football fans, this places the Bundesliga ahead of the English Premier League, Spain's La Liga and Italy's Serie A.
Reasons that the report stated for the Bundesliga's top position are the "comprehensive content strategy", with which all its 18 clubs are presented online in China. At league level there was also success "in reaching millions of fans with viral campaigns". The study also singles out the partnership, spanning over 20 years, with the TV broadcaster CCTV5 – this is achieving the highest average viewing figures and highest total number of viewers. In addition, the Bundesliga is the only European football league that has a Chinese-language website and is present among its fans in the Weibo and WeChat social networks.